The second was held in May 2007, and the issues raised during the second meeting were supposed to be reviewed.
The second was held in May 2007, and the issues raised during the second meeting were supposed to be reviewed.However, the final report was published and shared during the third stakeholder meeting, held in November 2007, and the issues raised were not resolved in this report.
Privatization is defined as the transfer of ownership control or functions from the public to a private sector.
After an overview of the terminology used in describing privatization and the current theory of privatization, this thesis examined four performance factors of Indonesia's economy: crises and reform, sustaining development, the growth challenge, and public sector.
Access to water has widely been recognized as a basic right.
For instance, the United Nations has declared that“the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation is a human right that is essential for the full employment of life and all human rights.” The Indian Constitution guarantees every citizen fundamental rights to equality, life and personal liberty, further stating that “no citizen shall be subjected to any restriction with regard to the use of wells, tanks [and] bathing ghats [i.e.
The last meeting led to an abrupt end to the WDIP due to widespread protests by the civil society groups opposed to its clear privatization agenda.
The steps proposed and taken to improve the water distribution situation in Mumbai, especially in the K-East Ward, were closely observed and monitored by social activists and academicians.The grant was given by the Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), a multi-donor trust fund originally established by the governments of Japan and the United Kingdom in collaboration with the World Bank.K-East Ward was selected as the site for the assessment study and pilot project for implementation.Most recently, Delhi has started its experiment with water privatization in some zones.This particular case study looks at the people’s struggle in Mumbai to stop privatization of water distribution.The terms of reference also included a clause stating that Castalia was required to suggest a model which would “end water leakage, pilferage and contamination and subsequently ensure 24x7 water supply through a multinational private operator in K-East Ward.” The assessment study led to the start of a project titled “Pilot Project of Privatization of Water Distribution” in 2006, though widespread civil society resistance caused the project name to be changed to “Pilot Project of Water Improvement” and later to “Water Distribution Improvement Project (WDIP).” This project was to be done in three phases: The WDIP was pitched as a consultative process towards improvement of water supply, in which suggestions of different stakeholders, including residents and the MCGM, were sought.In order to achieve this, Castalia and MCGM proposed a series of stakeholder meetings. The first was held in May 2006, following which a report was published.Experiments with water privatization have been done in different parts of the world, and in most of these places, it has resulted in widespread public outcry and resistance. The government privatized the water and sewer services, and there was a huge increase in the tariff, which resulted in public discontentment.The people’s resistance led to widespread struggles between the government and the people, and the government brought in the army to control the people.Mumbai, like most Indian cities, faces a shortage of both potable and non-potable water.Multiple approaches have been explored by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM, the city-level government body) to overcome this shortage.