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Expressing Numbers: MLA Use Numerals for the Following: 1. Numbers that cannot be written in one or two words, e.g., 2½, 101, and 1,275 2.
See also “figures (illustrations)” in the Miscellaneous section.
post “Apostrophes,” Doug asked, on 30 March 2018, at p.m., whether one should write “Albert Camus’ novel or Albert Camus’s novel.” Work Cited Doug.
Numbers that are being compared, e.g., In the ten years covered by the study, the number of participating institutions in the United States doubled, reaching 90, and membership in the six-state region rose from 4 to 15.
(BUT time expressed in quarter and half hours and hours followed by o’clock are given in words.) Use Words for the Following: 1. Centuries and decades (in lower case) (With decades, numerals can be used, but whichever form you choose, be consistent.) 3. Numbers that can be written in one or two words, e.g., one, thirty-six, three million, one hundred, and fifteen hundred Use Words and Numerals for the Following: 1.
Comment on “Apostrophes: One Mark, Three Ways.” with spelled-out numbers.
In statistical copy that calls for frequent use of numbers, it’s appropriate to use numerals, and so the percentage symbol would be used, as in the following example, drawn from a report on a census of language enrollments: Japanese enrollments increased by 3.1%, from 66,771 in 2013 to 68,810 in 2016; Korean enrollments increased by 13.7%, from 12,256 in 2013 to 13,936 in 2016. Since you should never begin a sentence with a numeral, you should first try to reword the sentence.Dates in text should have a number rather than an ordinal. For currencies other than the US dollar, use the following formats.April 6 (not April 6th) Punctuate common forms of dates as follows: April 1967 (no comma)April 6, 1967 (comma after day of month; insert comma after year as well in running text)1968–1972 (en dash)May–June 1967 (en dash)1965– (en dash for open-ended date)fiscal year 1958/59 (eliminate century in the second year if it is the same)school year 2004/05 (same as fiscal year)association year 2004/05 (same as fiscal year)1970s (no apostrophe)the ’70s (apostrophe before year) For months, use the following forms in references in all publications; do not follow with a period. .50 CAD for Canadian dollars (spell out “Canadian dollars (CAD)” the first time it appears)£37.50 for British pounds€42.75 for euros other well-known currencies 37.50 Sw. (figure followed by appropriate abbreviation) lesser-known currencies 95 Haitian gourdes (figure followed by full name of currency) Use a comma in numbers higher than 999, with the exception of page numbers and years.When referring to a decade, never use an apostrophe before the “s.” 1980s Numerical lists imply rank or temporal order (first 1, then 2, or 1 is more important than 2). In lists that are run together in the text and number more than three, use numbered phrases. For numbers less than one, use a zero preceding the decimal point. three-by-five cards2½ × 6-inch cards Use the numeric form.(Looney and Lusin 3) In prose that does not make extensive use of numbers, as in the example below, . If you find it unwieldy to reorder your words, spell out the number: Seventy-six percent of the class barely passed the final, 18% flunked miserably, and 6% burst into tears.Normally you shouldn’t mix words and numerals, but you can make an exception to avoid having a number at the start of a sentence.MLA style spells out the names of centuries in prose and in titles of English-language works, even when the title page uses a numeral: Queen Victoria ruled England for most of the nineteenth century. Or you can use an en dash: The party will take place 6 p.m.–10 p.m. Here’s another example: Americans between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four check their phones approximately seventy-four times each day.We make an exception and retain the numeral if it precedes an abbreviation in a title: The Ekopolitan Project: Migrant Histories and Family Genealogies from 19th and 20th c. But you cannot combine words (“from”) and an en dash to convey a range: The party will take place from 6 p.m.–10 p.m. By David Becker So far we have covered the general differences between MLA and APA styles and reviewed how their rules differ when creating in-text citations and reference list entries.However, a reader asked that we cover another difference between the two styles: how they present numbers, particularly ranges of numbers. The two styles have very different rules for when to write numbers as words or numerals.