Does the problem statement indicate the variables of interest and the specific relationship between those variables which are investigated?When necessary, are variables directly or operationally defined?
Here is a really good example of a scholary research critique written by a student in EDRS 6301.
The student who submitted this paper last semester earned a 100 on his critique. A succint summary is provided in the first paragraph.
This is not consistent with the type of data collected.
The RLSS used a Likert scale (ordinal), yet a MANOVA would be most applicable for normally distributed, quantitative data.
In previous classes we spent more time talking about statistics than the literature review. The sample was nonrandom, including 162 coaches that were chosen on a volunteer basis.
That's why you'll see some fairly complex explanations in this paper on the data analysis but no information on the literature review. Within the sample, 118 (0.73) of the coaches were male, while 44 (0.27) were female. Some questions are relevant to this article some are not.I listed so many questions simply because Id like you to learn what to look for in evaluating a research article.5.There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS.A MANOVA was used to analyze the data for differences between male and female coaches with regard to leadership behaviors.This paper would have been even better if the student had added a sentence or two about the results of the study.That way, after reading the first paragraph, the reader would know the purpose, hypotheses, and findings.In general, females scored much higher than did the male coaches.A MANOVA was also used to examine the data for differences between the three levels of coaching (junior high, high school, and college) with regard to leadership behavior in general.Again, because the data for the RLSS is ordinal, an ANOVA is not the best analysis tool.The three coaching levels scored differently on three of the six behaviors: democratic behaviors, training and instruction, and social support.