They shared their peninsula with significant Jewish communities in Yemen and Yathrib, Christian communities in Najran, Abyssinia, and the Levant, and other monotheists like the , which was to avoid the idols and sojourn away from city life. The Quraysh also acknowledged Abraham and Ishmael as their patriarchs, despite being neither Christian nor Jewish.
With this in mind, it should be no surprise to students of history that there were other callers to monotheism in the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad.
He may have been killed by his rival al-Khattāb and his acolytes. However, it is noteworthy that much of the surviving accounts of Zayd b. I knew that a prophet of this people was to be expected.
However, we must consider the possibility that Zayd, who was outspoken in Mecca, and who debated rabbis and monks elsewhere, ran into trouble with pagans or Christians. Nawfal, the Christian cousin of Khadīja, composed an elegy in praise of his abandonment of idolatry. The son of Zayd was Saʿīd b. His time has come.” This means that Waraqa may have already identified Muhammad as a prophet over a decade before his first revelation.
With the attribution of miracles before his ministry, academics should consider the possibility that Muhammad’s prophetic mission began before his famous experience at Ḥirā.
According to Ibn Iṣḥāq and a narration from ʿĀ’ishā, Waraqa b.
This article explores a series of Arab monotheists that lived before and during the mission of the Prophet Muhammad.
Islamic literature presents the former group as forerunners to the Islamic Prophet, and the latter group as rivals and Arabs in the seventh century were no strangers to monotheism or prophethood.
Nawfal described the Prophet Muhammad’s first revelation as the same law () that God sent to Moses. The comparison to Moses may be a subtle reference to Deuteronomy , in which God tells the Israelites of a prophet like unto Moses.
Waraqa was, after all, learned in the Torah. Waraqa passed away in the early days of Muhammad’s mission. He visited Jewish and Christian clergymen in Syria and read in the scriptures that a prophet would be sent from among the Arabs.