Hobbes Egoism Essay

Hobbes Egoism Essay-88
Mother Teresa tended to the needs of the poor and sick in India - washing, feeding, bathing, and loving the least valued people in Calcutta's society.

Mother Teresa tended to the needs of the poor and sick in India - washing, feeding, bathing, and loving the least valued people in Calcutta's society.

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Definition Ego means self; egoism can be thought of as self-ism.

Egoism is a theory, in ethics, that human beings act or should act in their own interests and desires.

Many people are familiar with the Freudian ego, the part of our mind that mediates impulses and desires (Wallach and Wallach 1983).

Freud's theory is distinct from the forms of egoism discussed in this paper.

Rather, he thought that the less desires a person had, the easier it would be to find happiness.

Yet, in the Middle Ages, Christian theologians "denounced Epicurean hedonism, which they believed was inconsistent with the Christian emphasis on avoiding sin, doing God's will, and developing the Christian values of faith, hope, and charity" (Ibid.).Today's culture reflects an interest in self-improvement, self-esteem, and self-gratification.The "X-generation" has also been called the "Me-generation," as rampant consumerism focuses young people on immediate gratification and reflects no example of community responsibility or consideration for others.The assertion that people act in a purely egoist manner has several problems.Taken in the most literal sense, egoism can easily be proven false.Thomas More, in his Utopia (1516), revived interest in seeking pleasure, by claiming that God gives us desires for pleasure and He wants us to be happy.Over the years, philosophers and, more recently, psychologists have grappled with the issue of human motivation.Ties to the Philanthropic Sector Theories of egoism attempt to explain human motivation; understanding what motivates one toward serving the interests of others is key to understanding giving and philanthropic activity.The American spirit of giving has been expressed in concrete ways over the past two hundred years.In fact, the American market economy is founded on the assumption that self-interested, competing parties will produce the greatest good.Yet, interestingly, our culture provides examples of both self- and other-centered paradigms.


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