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One of the most important issues in biomedical ethics is the controversy surrounding abortion.This controversy has a long history and is still heavily discussed among researchers and the public—both in terms of morality and in terms of legality.
The central legal aspect of the abortion conflict is whether fetuses have a basic legal right to live, or, at least, a claim to live.
The most important argument with regard to this conflict is the potentiality argument, which turns on whether the fetus is potentially a human person and thus should be protected.
Every abortion is a human tragedy for the child and for its mother. Every child is an individual with its own future to respect.
Abortion is a major social injustice, directed at those who are most vulnerable.
According to this account, one has to examine the different kinds of reasons for abortion in a particular case to decide about the reasonableness of the justification given. The account suggests that it would seem cruel and callous to force her to give birth to "her" child.
So, if this pragmatic account is correct, some abortions may be morally justifiable whereas other abortions may be morally reprehensible.
The central moral aspect concerns whether there is any morally relevant point during the biological process of the development of the fetus from its beginning as a unicellular zygote to birth itself that may justify not having an abortion after that point.
Leading candidates for the morally relevant point are: the onset of movement, consciousness, the ability to feel pain, and viability.
Strategies will then need to focus on self esteem and reducing the idealization of pregnancy as a solution to general life dissatisfaction to gain positive carrier.
Health care professional should be motivated to raise the ethical issues of in their practices for social justice and equity through successful educational programmes through out their carrier.