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See this article about secondary sources for further information.
In the natural and social sciences, primary sources are often empirical studies—research where an experiment was performed or a direct observation was made.
The results of empirical studies are typically found in scholarly articles or papers delivered at conferences.
A primary source is vital because it will enable you to make your own judgement on an event or object.
Secondary sources are always biased, in one sense or another, so engaging with the primary source yourself allows you to view the topic objectively.
Review articles summarize research on a particular topic, but they do not present any new findings; therefore, they are considered secondary sources.
Their bibliographies, however, can be used to identify primary sources.An article on the case that was published in 1955 could be read as a primary source that reveals how writers were interpreting the decision immediately after it was handed down.Serials may also include book reviews, editorials, and review articles.Consequently, these papers may use the first person ("We observed…").These articles usually follow a standard format with sections like "Methods," "Results," and "Conclusion." In the humanities, age is an important factor in determining whether an article is a primary or secondary source.Likewise, a secondary source can tell you about current trends in research and analysis, while providing you with a broad overview or summary of an extended period of time, or the works of an artist.We have put together a list of examples of primary and secondary sources by field of study.Secondary sources describe, discuss, interpret, comment upon, analyze, evaluate, summarize, and process primary sources.Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers or popular magazines, book or movie reviews, or articles found in scholarly journals that discuss or evaluate someone else's original research.Primary sources include historical and legal documents, eyewitness accounts, results of experiments, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, audio and video recordings, speeches, and art objects.Interviews, surveys, fieldwork, and Internet communications via email, blogs, listservs, and newsgroups are also primary sources.