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When India finally gained independence, the problem became how Hindus and Muslims would share power. In May 1947, British, Hindu, and Muslim political leaders, but not Gandhi, reached an agreement for independence that created a Hindu-dominated India and a Muslim Pakistan.
When the merchants felt the economic impact of the boycott, they relented, and on July 25, 1960, African Americans were served their first meal at Woolworth's.
The success of the Greensboro sit-ins led to a wave of similar protests across the South.
Gandhi, often referred to as Mahatma, the Great Soul, was born into a Hindu merchant family in 1869.
He was heavily influenced by the Hinduism and Jainism of his devoutly religious mother.
One was British rule, which Gandhi believed impoverished the Indian people.
The second evil was Hindu-Muslim disunity caused by years of religious hatred.Finally, the Boer government agreed to end the most objectionable parts of the registration law.After 20 years in South Africa, Gandhi went home to India in 1914. Gandhi devoted the rest of his life struggling against what he considered three great evils afflicting India.The last evil was the Hindu tradition of classifying millions of Indians as a caste of “untouchables.” Untouchables, those Indians born into the lowest social class, faced severe discrimination.Gandhi expected Britain to grant India independence after World War I.By the end of the week, hundreds of black students and a few white supporters filled the lunch counters at Woolworth's and another store down the street.The sit-ins attracted national attention, and city officials tried to end the confrontation by negotiating an end to the protests.When it did not happen, Gandhi called for strikes and other acts of peaceful civil disobedience.The British sometimes struck back with violence, but Gandhi insisted Indians remain non-violent. But as the movement spread, Indians started rioting in some places. He drew heavy criticism from fellow nationalists, but Gandhi would only lead a non-violent movement. At one trial he said, “In my humble opinion, non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good.” When he was released, he continued leading non-violent protests. He opposed dividing the country into Hindu and Muslim nations, believing in one unified India.The next day, they were joined by more than two dozen supporters.On day three, 63 of the 66 lunch counter seats were filled by students.