However, maintaining the elephant would be so expensive as to ruin the recipient. When the girl comments that the hills look like white elephants and the man says he's never seen one, she answers, "No, you wouldn't have." If the hills represent female fertility, swollen abdomen, and breasts, she could be suggesting that he is not the type of person ever to intentionally have a child.
But if we consider a "white elephant" as an unwanted item, she could also be pointing out that he never accepts burdens he doesn't want.
He also frequently says she doesn't have to do it if she doesn't want to, which indicates that he's describing an elective procedure.
Finally, he claims that it's "just to let the air in," which implies abortion rather than any other optional procedure. " she's posing a question that suggests the man has some say in the matter -- that he has something at stake -- which is another indication that she's pregnant.
Her weakness in character is illustrated by Jig agreeing with everything the American says.
Jig shows codependency because she fears her decision concerning the abortion will jeopardize her relationship with the American; therefore, she is willing to have the operation to keep him.
Set in the Ebro River valley in Spain, the story looms around the issue brought forth by Jig and the American, who is nameless throughout the whole story.
The issue here being the ‘simple operation’ that Jig is about to undergo which happens to be an abortion.
Jig shows her character's indecisiveness by constantly seeking reassurance from the American before making any decisions.
Jig's action when ordering drinks supports her inability to think for herself.